Biodiversity

Here at Ross farm we strive to enable sustainable farming which benefits the farm animals, wildlife, environment, landscape and nature, making our peninsular beautiful for all to enjoy.

 

We have 500 acres of permanent grassland, woodland, pond, reseed, rough grazing and many wildflower areas, all right on the coast of the Ross peninsular. The Borgue coast is classed as a Site of Special Scientific Interest meaning it is an area of land that is considered to best represent our natural heritage. This is noticeable when you look around at all the wildlife surrounding you here either on the farm or on one of the magnificent walks on the core path around the peninsula.

We have a suckler cow herd (breeding) of around 140 cows plus their followers (calves and younstock), and a breeding ewe flock of approximately 280 ewes plus followers (lambs). Our cattle include breeds such as limousin, british blue, angus and hereford cross. Our sheep are mule cross, and Scotch half bred. All our animals are recognised as sentient beings and thus allowed to roam freely over many acres at a time, choosing where to graze, sunbathe, shelter, and even people watch!

From our farmed animals we have and promote deer roaming the hills and woodland, fields and our garden…….and help provide feed and habitat for Cormorants and Curlews on the coast and woodpeckers, oyster catchers and swallows inland, there is an abundance of wildlife to be admired.

You are sure to find many bees and butterflies amongst the wildflower areas and hedgerows, during a short walk along the lane around the bay. .

Here you will also come across our new bug hotel which we hope will provide valuable habitat.

Wildflowers common to the area include: Thrift and Sea campion down by the sea, heathers and harebells on the hills, wood anemone and bluebells in the woodland and pink campion, wild garlic and wild primrose growing in the lanes.

Our Wheat, Oats and Barley are grown on our other farmland in Yorkshire and brought here to Ross farm to provide natural feed and bedding for our livestock.

Most of our cattle are housed indoors in Winter (even though they would prefer to be outside). Indoor housing saves damaging too much of the farmland over Winter, so that there is a plentiful supply of grass for turnout in Spring. From our Winter housing, we are provided with a plentiful supply of organic manure which is used extensively to fertilize the surrounding fields, depending the soil, aiding carbon sequestration, and improving the land naturally, all of which helps to develop our goal of sustainable farming. We do use a small amount of inorganic fertiliser, known as bagged fertiliser, which gives the grass a boost to grow, but we do not produce slurry here at Ross, nor do we use pesticide sprays, in fact interestingly, we had a problem with ragwort growing on some of our fields when the sheep were not grazing them, and when the sheep graze the fields they graze away the ragwort which is poisonous to other animal species, namely horses.

LEAF advises that “A whole farm policy aiming to provide efficient and profitable production which is economically viable and environmentally responsible. It integrates beneficial natural processes into modern farming practices using the most appropriate technology, and aims to minimise the environmental risks while conserving, enhancing and recreating that which is of environmental importance. “ This is what we are working towards here at Ross Farm.

You must ensure that decisions made in relation to direct production practices such as agronomic, crop protection and animal husbandry take account of this Landscape and Nature Conservation and Enhancement Plan (LNCEP) and its objects to protect and enhance the wildlife and landscape on your Farm. Farming and Environment are inseparably linked.

We aim to to protect and enhance the wildlife and landscape on the farm, however LEAF recommendes that 5% of the farm should be available for wildlife habitat. This can include hedges, ditches and woodland, as well as uncropped margins and environmental options such as wild bird seed mixture (as seen around the bay alongside the lane ) and nectar flower mixture. This is a huge area of land which would be lost to production, and hence affect our farm income, however we are looking to improve areas of our land, for example the margins on the lane around the bay, which are not in agricultural production but could be better utilised to provide wildlife habitat.

We are trying create habitat and environmental improvement together

Our Hedgerows are important features on the farm as field boundaries, shelter areas for animals and a habitat for wildlife, we plan to plant more hedgerows here at Ross, along with woodland as both are high carbon stock land.
Hedges are not trimmed during the observed nesting period. We have some Stonewalls here at Ross, which again provide shelter, field boundaries and a habitat for wildlife, bugs and insects.

Ditch maintenance is not carried out during the bird nesting season, and we recognise the need to manage ditch and watercourse edges in order to protect them from pollution, runoff or erosion resulting from overgrazing or inappropriate livestock access.
Livestock must be managed in an appropriate way in order to protect wildlife and water quality, and this is observed and considered her at Ross by planning our stocking densities.

Trees

 

We have several different “woods” on our farm, and we believe wherever possible, trees should be retained in order to maintain landscape character. Where older trees exist, we will consider new planting of trees as future replacements. We retain all hedgerow, boundary and infield trees unless they are a potential hazard.

Field margin management on Ross farm benefits ground nesting birds and small mammals, as well as boosting numbers of beneficial predatory insects. We try to provide nesting, summer food and winter food habitats for farmland birds, or habitat for other native fauna as appropriate – e.g. uncrossed headlands, allowing margins to regenerate naturally. We try to ensure that margins are not driven on or used for turning, and try to avoid contamination of hedge bottoms, and watercourses which is relatively easy with solid organic farmyard manure as opposed to slurry!

We are cautious and aware not to damage or destroy nationally or locally important historic features (monuments, earthworks, sites of archaeological and historical interest) by farming activities, including subsoiling, woodland clearance, tree-planting, damage by livestock.

https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/environment-agency
https://www.gov.uk/government/groups/farming-advice-service
https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/rural-payments-agency

 

Gallery

 

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